Section 3 Marine and Plant Poisoning

Marine stings and envenomation


  • WikiTox Marine creatures
  • Loten C, Stokes B, Worsley D, Seymour JE, Jiang S, Isbister GK.A randomised controlled trial of hot water (45 degrees C) immersion versus ice packs for pain relief in bluebottle stings.Med J Aust. 2006 Apr 3;184(7):329-33.(fulltext) RCT Bluebottle stings.pdf
  • Fernandez I, Valladolid G, Varon J, Sternbach G. Encounters with venomous sea-life. J Emerg Med. 2011 Jan;40(1):103-12. Epub 2010 Jan 4. (fulltext) ENCOUNTERS WITH VENOMOUS SEA-LIFE.pdf
  • Currie BJ, Jacups SP. Prospective study of Chironex fleckeri and other box jellyfish stings in the "Top End" of Australia's Northern Territory.Med J Aust. 2005 Dec -19;183(11-12):631-6.(fulltext) Chironex fleckeri.pdf
  • Huynh TT, Seymour J, Pereira P, et al Severity of Irukandji syndrome and nematocyst identification from skin scrapings. Med J Aust. 2003 Jan 6;178(1):38-41.(fulltext) Irukandji syndrome.pdf
  • Little M, Mulcahy RF. A year's experience of Irukandji envenomation in far north Queensland.
    Med J Aust. 1998 Dec 7-21;169(11-12):638-41.(fulltext)

Seafood poisoning


  • Wikitox Food Poisoning Marine
  • Landsberg JH, Hall S, Johannessen JN, White KD, et al Saxitoxin puffer fish poisoning in the United States, with the first report of Pyrodinium bahamense as the putative toxin source.Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Oct;114(10):1502-7 (fulltext) saxitoxin.pdf
  • Kipping R, Eastcott H, Sarangi J. Tropical fish poisoning in temperate climates: food poisoning from ciguatera toxin presenting in Avonmouth. J Public Health (Oxf). 2006 Dec;28(4):343-6. Epub 2006 Oct 18.(fulltext) ciguatera.pdf
  • Predy G, Honish L, Hohn W, Jones S. Was it something she ate? Case report and discussion of scombroid poisoning.CMAJ. 2003 Mar 4;168(5):587-8. (fulltext) scombroid.pdf